1951年冬 拍攝於紐約市
(Photo by L. Arnold Weissberger)

 

 

相關連結:

The Bernard Herrmann Web Pages

 

 

      伯納赫曼 1911629日 出生於紐約市。他的父母Abraham Ida 很鼓勵他在藝術方面的興趣 。 Herrmann 1927年時在 DeWitt Clinton 中學 開始接受正規的音樂教育(Jerome Moross - 錦繡大地作者, 也是他的同班同學)。在紐約大學(NYU)時和 Philip James 學習作曲,和Albert Stoessel 學習指揮,並且在茱利亞學院待過兩年 ,但之後又回到NYU練習進階作曲及管絃編制。年輕時他接觸過Copland (柯普蘭)、Gershwin Elgar 的音樂 ,但影響其風格更甚者為華格納 、馬勒 、德步西,以及拉威爾。

        1937年赫曼進入CBS Radio,在教育部門工作;但其最大的興趣仍在於指揮,隨後即轉任CBS交響樂團指揮,在這期間也認識了導演Orson Welles。隨Welles Mercury Theatre Playhouse group 轉移到好萊烏後,Herrmann 寫了清唱劇(cantata) "Moby Dick (白鯨記, 1938)"以及歌劇咆哮山莊。1941 Orson 請他為大國民(Citizen Kane)譜寫配樂,從此之後聲名大噪。

        當時二十世紀福斯的錄音室音樂指導 Alfred Newman (阿佛列德紐曼,湯瑪斯紐曼的父親) 僱用他為 Jane Eyre (簡愛,1943)Hangover Square (1945)Anna and the King of Siam (1946)The Ghost and Mrs. Muir (幽靈與未亡人, 1947)The Day the Earth Stood Still (地球末日記,1951) 等電影配樂。

        五零年代赫曼結識了驚悚電影大師 Hitchcock (希區考克),這對黃金組合共同創作出許多著名的作品,包括:The Trouble with Harry (怪屍案,1955)The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956)Vertigo (迷魂記,1958)North by Northwest (北西北,1959)Psycho (驚魂記, 1960 - 經典中的經典,可以拱起來拜了)Marnie (艷賊,1964) 等等。直到1966年,在他們最後一次合作的作品 "Torn Curtain" 中,因為彼此的看法及意見分歧而使他們的合作生涯就這樣結束,而他的音樂也被棄置不用,改由John Addison出任。儘管如此,這對搭當仍在影迷和樂迷心目中,留下不可磨滅的地位;這樣的結合也成為日後的經典示範。

        赫曼的出眾才能也為之帶來其他的合作對象,像是一些新一代的導演包括 François Truffaut, Brian DePalma, Larry Cohen Martin Scorsese

        1975年他來到了加州錄製 "Taxi Driver 計程車司機" 的配樂,頭一天演奏家們都前來和赫曼打聲招呼,因為這是他多年以來第一次回到這裡。1223日,終於完成了每一個音符的錄音,回到飯店和他妻子共進晚餐後,在睡眠中長逝。導演 Martin Scorsese 說道:

"Working with Bernard Herrmann was one of the most satisfying experiences that I've ever had in pictures. The day after he died the press called me and asked for a comment, and I still feel the same way that I did then: There was no one who could even come near him."


"I felt that music on the screen can seek out and intensify the inner thoughts of the characters. It can invest a scene with terror, grandeur, gaiety or misery. It can propel narrative swiftly forward, of slow it down. It often lifts mere dialogue into the realm of poetry. Finally, it is the communicating link between the screen and the audience, reaching out and enveloping all into one single experience"

- Bernard Herrmann

 

1975

Silent Noon (an idyll)

管風琴交響曲 (only sketches)

1967

Souvenirs de voyage (雙簧管五重奏)

1965

Echoes (弦樂四重奏)

1951

Wuthering Heights 歌劇 "咆哮山莊"

1943

搖籃曲 "For the Fallen"

1942

The Fantasticks

1941

第一號交響曲 (recording 1) (recording 2)

Samson

1940

清唱劇 "Johnny Appleseed" (未完成)

Fiddle Concerto

1938

Moby Dick  (清唱劇 白鯨記,for 男合唱、獨奏,管絃樂團)

1937

小提琴協奏曲 (未完成)

1935

The Body Beautiful

夜曲與詼諧曲

小交響曲 (for  弦樂)

Currier and Ives Suite

1933

Aubade (for 14 instruments)  1975 年修改為 "Silent Noon"

Orchestral variation on Deep River

Orchestral variation on Water Boy

Prelude to Anathema (for 15 instruments)

1932

詠嘆調 (for 長笛 與 豎琴)

Marche Militaire (芭雷音樂)

1929

The Forest  (取材自文學之管絃樂曲, for 大型管絃樂團)

The Dancing Faun  (song for medium voice and small chamber orchestra)

The Bells  (song for medium voice and small chamber orchestra)

Twilight  (田園曲 for 小提琴 與 鋼琴)

November Dusk  (取材自文學之管絃樂曲, for 大型管絃樂團)

Tempest and Storm: Furies Shrieking! (for piano)

Requiescat (short piece for voice and piano)

 

 

Joachim Raff:  Symphony No. 5 "Lenore"

 

 

1991

Cape Fear 恐怖角 *** (from "Cape Fear ")

1982

Chambre 666  (TV)

1979~1981

none

1978

It Lives Again  惡靈復生 ** (from "It's Alive!")

1977

none

1976

Obsession

Taxi Driver  計程車司機 ****

1974

It's Alive!

1973

Sisters **1/2

1972

none

1971

Endless Night

The Night Digger

1970

none

1969

Bitka na Neretvi

1968

Twisted Nerve **1/2

1967

Companions in Nightmare (TV)

La Mariée était en noir

Cimarron Strip (TV Series - episode "Knife in the Darkness")

1966

Fahrenheit 451 華氏四百五十一度 ***

1965

Convoy  (TV Series - multiple episodes)

Joy in the Morning ***

1964

Marnie 艷賊 ***

1963

Kraft Suspense Theatre (TV Series - episode "A Lion Amongst Men")

Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre (TV Series - multiple episodes)

The Great Adventure (TV Series - episodes "The Secret" and "Nathan Hale")

The Richard Boone Show (TV Series)

Jason and the Argonauts ****

1962

The Alfred Hitchcock Hour (TV Series)

The Virginian (TV Series - episode "The Last Grave at Socorro Creek")

Cape Fear 恐怖角

Tender Is the Night ***

1961

Mysterious Island ***

The Americans (TV Series)

1960

The 3 Worlds of Gulliver 大小人國遊記 ****

Psycho 驚魂記 *****

1959

The House on K-Street ( TV Series - pilot "Hammer Fist")

Journey to the Center of the Earth 地心歷險記 ****

Blue Denim

The Twilight Zone 陰陽魔界 *** (TV Series - multiple episodes)

North by Northwest 北西北 ***1/2

For Better or Worse (TV Series)

Rawhide (TV Series - episode "Pursuit")

1958

Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse (TV Series)

The Naked and the Dead

The 7th Voyage of Sinbad 新巴達奇航記 ****

Pursuit (TV Series)

The Fiend Who Walked the West

Vertigo 迷魂記 *****

1957

A Hatful of Rain

Perry Mason (TV Series)

Have Gun Will Travel  (TV Series - episodes "Three Bells to Perdido" and others)

1956

The Ethan Allen Story (TV) **

The Man Who Knew Too Much

Williamsburg: The Story of a Patriot

The Wrong Man

Playhouse 90 (TV Series)

The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit

1955

The Trouble with Harry 怪屍案 ***1/2

Alfred Hitchcock Presents (TV Series)

Gunsmoke (TV Series - episodes "Harriet", "The Tall Trapper" and "Kitty Shot")

The Kentuckian

Prince of Players ***

1954

The Lineup (TV Series)

Shower of Stars (TV Series - episode "A Christmas Carol")

The Egyptian

General Electric Theater ( TV Series - episode "A Child Is Born")

A Christmas Carol (TV)

Climax! (TV Series)

Garden of Evil ***

1953

Beneath the 12-Mile Reef  ***1/2

King of the Khyber Rifles

White Witch Doctor ***1/2

1952

The Snows of Kilimanjaro ***1/2

5 Fingers ***

1951

On Dangerous Ground

The Day the Earth Stood Still 地球末日記 ****

1949~1950

none

1948

Portrait of Jennie

Studio One (TV Series)

1947

The Ghost and Mrs. Muir 幽靈與未亡人 ***

1946

Anna and the King of Siam ***1/2

1945

Hangover Square ***1/2

1944

Jane Eyre 簡愛 ***

1943

none

1942

The Magnificent Ambersons

1941

All That Money Can Buy (The Devil and Daniel Webster, suite for orchestra )

Citizen Kane 大國民 ****

未知年份

Collector's Item (TV Series,  pilot)

Forecast (TV Series)

Landmark (TV Series)

The Restauration  (TV)